Innovative New Approaches to Dementia Care

With the baby boomer generation aging, more caregivers are facing the impacts of dealing with Dementia. More than 5 million Americans already suffer from Dementia. There is currently no cure and it is unlikely that one will be developed in time to help this already surging demographic. Thankfully, there are new hopes in reducing the physical, emotional, and financial strain of Dementia care.

Dimentia Pic 2First, pets are a great way to get older people out of the house and walking. Pets provide a boost to one’s mood and can alleviate some of the loneliness that many older people feel who live alone. If a trained therapy animal is affordable, these companions can find a lost person, offer medication and meal reminders. If a live animal is not feasible, in some instances a robotic pet is inexpensive and can help with calming agitation and reduce the use of anti-psychotic medications.



TrainingTraining and education both for those experiencing the Dementia and their caregivers are invaluable. In the New York City area, we are fortunate to have excellent resources from such agencies as CaringKind, the Alzheimer’s Foundation of America and the Alzheimer’s Association. They provide support groups, referral hotlines and educational resources that are invaluable.

COHME’s Home Health Aides are trained in Dementia Care. Dementia training provided by CaringKind and Inspired Memory Care has provided our aides with the skills and knowledge they need in order to provide the best possible care for those living with Dementia. In sum, Dementia is tough on both the individual with the diagnosis and their caregivers. New innovative approaches like those mention in this blog can help.     

2019 Employee of the 1st Quarter

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Congratulations to the COHME staff, Pauline Duncan & Valerie Saunders-Ochao for their exceptional attendance this quarter and congratulations to COHME staff, Godson Bonnah and Cynthia Jones for their extraordinary service to our clients! They have gone above and beyond to provide exceptional service for our clients. They enjoy caring for their clients and have received recognition from the people they assist as well as their colleagues for their sense of responsibility, diligence, warmth and patience. They provide assistance and monitoring to ensure that their clients are able to maintain independently at home with the back-up of our nurses ensuring that medical issues are identified and reported to prevent hospitalization.  These excellent staff are also warm, caring and committed to those they care for. We’d like to thank them for creating positive environments and continued excellent care for our clients and for their amazing contributions to the quality of care at  COHME Inc.  We appreciate them!

Pauline Duncan

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Godson BonnahCynthia Jones

When Seniors Travel

There Travelers Health: Senior Citizens

When seniors travel



As children move out and retirement years approach, this can be an exciting time for seniors to see the world.  Travel is easier and safer than ever before, with a little planning, and some caution, seniors can safely visit almost any destination. 

Take a look at the link below for a few tips.

Destination for Travelers Over 60

Destination for Travelers


There are many great places around the world for senior to visit.  

Check out the link below to learn about six of the best food and wine destinations for seniors


Seniors Traveling Solo

Seniors Traveling Solo


For seniors, traveling solo means making their own itineraries, enjoying their own company, interacting with more locals, and traveling at their own pace.  Combining overseas travel with volunteer service is a great way for seniors to maintain autonomy while also giving, learning, connecting and giving back in tangible way.  

To find out more click link below!

Seniors Travel Insurance

Seniors Travel Insurance


Seniors Travel Insurance can be an important investment as Medicare typically does not provide coverage outside of the United States.  Travel insurance has the potential to cover medical cost, trip cancelation, lost or stolen luggage, as well as deal with other issues that might arise.  

To find out more about the benefits of travel insurance for seniors, please click the following link!




Learning to Manage Caregiver Stress

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For most caregivers, being there when a loved one needs you is important. Since caregiving is often a long-term challenge, the stress it generates can be damaging, especially when your loved one’s condition is deteriorating. Remember, those who care for others do a better job of caregiving when their own needs are attended to.

We created this guide to explore topics that can make the role of the caregiver easier, while providing adequate support to the person receiving the care. The following test will help you become aware of your feelings, pressures and stress you currently feel.
Which of the following are seldom true, sometimes true, often true, or usually true?

  • I find I can’t get enough rest.
  • I don’t have enough time for myself.
  • I don’t have time to be with other family members beside the person care for.
  • I feel guilty about my situation.
  • I don’t get out much anymore.
  • I have conflict with the person I care for.
  • I have conflicts with other family members.
  • I cry everyday.
  • I worry about having enough money to make ends meet.
  • I don’t feel I have enough knowledge or experience to give care as well as I’d like.
  • My own health is not good.

If the response to one or more of these areas is usually true or often true it may be time to begin looking for help with caring for the care-receiver and help in taking care of yourself.

What Can I Do to Help Myself?

  1. Acknowledge your feelings. Your feelings have a lot to do with the way you view and cope with care-giving. All feeling are legitimate, even those that may seem disturbing to you (including anger, frustration, and sadness). Recognizing and accepting your emotions are the first step toward resolving problems of guilt and stress. Learn to express your feelings to family members, friends, or professionals.
  2. Join a Caregiver Support Group. In addition to offering useful information, such groups provide a unique forum for caregivers to come together and share their feelings in a supportive environment. Groups help caregivers feel less isolated and can create strong bonds of mutual help and friendship.
  3. Set Realistic Goals. Care-giving is probably one of the many conflicting demands on your time. It is important to set realistic goals. Recognize what you can and cannot do, define your priorities, and act accordingly. Turn to other people for help – your family, friends, and neighbors. Prepare a list of tasks for anyone who may offer assistance.
  4. Use Community Resources. Investigate community resources that might be helpful. Consider using in-home services or adult day care. Employ a homemaker to cook and clean, or an aide to help your care-receiver bathe, eat, dress, use the bathroom or get around the house. You can also contact Cohme to design a short-term care plan for your loved one.
  5. Use Respite Care Services. When you need a break from providing care to your care-receiver, look at respite care. For example, a companion can stay with your care-receiver for a few hours at a time on a regular basis to give you time off. Or have your care-receiver participate in an adult day care program where he or she can socialize with peers in a supervised setting; this gives your care-receiver a necessary break from staying home all the time.
  6. Maintain your Health. Your general well-being affects your outlook on life and your ability to cope. Make sure your schedule your yearly physicals and don’t miss out on Doctor’s appointment.

For More Information about Caring for Yourself, Visit:

Family Caregiver Alliance
1-800-445-8106 (toll-free)

Eldercare Locator
1-800-677-1116 (toll-free)

National Alliance for Caregiving

How to Prepare for Home Care

Image source from Pexels
Image source from Pexels

Home Care can be a life changing experience, especially for a loved one who is determined to remain as independent as possible. Proper preparation for Home Care ensures that your loved one’s needs are met. We’ve created a few tips to help you through this transition:

  1. Involve your Loved One. Resistance to Homecare is common, so be sure to involve your loved one in every step of the decision-making process. This shows them how much their opinion matters. Approach the topic with patience and understanding and let them know they would still have their freedom with a caregiver around.
  2. Find a Home Care Provider. Learn about the different types of homecare plans and payment options. As an example, many caregivers don’t realize Medicare won’t pay for long-term care in a nursing home and the average cost is $75,000 per year.
  3. Be Open with the Caregiver. Talk to the agency about what you’ve been doing and take the opportunity to talk about any difficulties you’ve had. You also shouldn’t be afraid to ask questions whenever you need to.
  4. Seek Out Expert Advice. The assistance of a social worker, geriatric care manager, financial advisor or elder law attorney can go a long way in guiding you through the legal, financial and emotional challenges of caregiving.

Alzheimer’s Testing: Be in the “Know”

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The first step in diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease is to establish that dementia is present. Then, the type of dementia should be clarified. A health care provider will take a history, do a physical exam (including a neurological exam), and perform a mental status examination.

Tests may be ordered to help determine if there is a treatable condition that could be causing dementia or contributing to the confusion of AD. These conditions include thyroid disease, vitamin deficiency, brain tumor, drug and medication intoxication, chronic infection, anemia, and severe depression.

AD usually has a characteristic pattern of symptoms and can be diagnosed by history and physical exam by an experienced clinician. Tests that are often done to evaluate or exclude other causes of dementia include computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and blood tests.

In the early stages of dementia, brain image scans may be normal. In later stages, an MRI may show a decrease in the size of the cortex of the brain or of the area of the brain responsible for memory (the hippocampus). While the scans do not confirm the diagnosis of AD, they do exclude other causes of dementia (such as stroke and tumor).

COHME Aides are trained to detect early signs of Alzheimer’s. They receive training from organizations such as CaringKind that targets how to assist clients at different stages of Alzheimer’s, as well  as, recognizing the signs of the early stages of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment Fact

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Unfortunately, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s Disease. The goals in treating Alzheimer’s Disease are to: 

  • Slow the progression of the disease.
  • Manage behavior problems, confusion, and agitation.
  • Modify the homeenvironment.
  • Support family members and other caregivers.


The most promising treatments include lifestyle changes, medications, and antioxidant supplements like vitamin E and ginkgo biloba. 


The following steps can help people with Alzehimer’s Disease: 

  • Walk regularly with a caregiver or other reliable companion. This can improve communication skills and prevent wandering.
  • Use bright light therapy to reduce insomnia and wandering.
  • Listen to calming music. This may reduce wandering and restlessness, boost brain chemicals, ease anxiety, enhance sleep, and improve behavior.
  • Get a pet dog.
  • Practice relaxation techniques.
  • Receive regular massages. This is relaxing and provides social interactions.



Several drugs are available to try to slow the progression of AD and possibly improve the person’s mental capabilities. These include donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon), galantamine (Razadyne, formerly called Reminyl), and tacrine (Cognex). 

All of these drugs affect the level of acetylcholine (a neurotransmitter) in the brain and all have potential side effects, such as nausea and vomiting. Tacrine also causes an elevation in liver enzymes and must be taken four times a day. It is now seldom used. 

Aricept is taken once a day and may stabilize or even improve the person’s mental capabilities. It is generally well tolerated. Exelon, a new drug, shows a similar effectiveness and is taken twice a day. 

Other medications may be required to control aggressive, agitated, or dangerous behaviors. These are usually given in very low doses, with adjustment as needed. 

It may be necessary to stop any medications that worsen confusion. These may include pain killers, cimetidine, central nervous system depressants, antihistamines, sleeping pills, and others. Medications MUST NOT be stopped or changed without discussion with and direction from your doctor. 


Folate (vitamin B9) is critical to the health of the nervous system. Together with some other B vitamins, folate is also responsible for clearing homocysteine (a body chemical that contributes to chronic illnesses) from the blood. High levels of homocysteine and low levels of both folate and vitamin B12 have been found in people with AD. Although the benefits of taking these B vitamins for AD is not entirely clear, it may be worth considering them, particularly if your homocysteine levels are high. 

Antioxidant supplements, like ginkgo biloba and vitamin E, scavenge free radicals. These products of metabolism are highly reactive and can damage cells throughout the body. 

Vitamin E dissolves in fat, readily enters the brain, and may slow down cell damage. In at least one well-designed study of people with AD who were followed for 2 years, those who took vitamin E supplements had improved symptoms compared to those who took a placebo pill. 

Ginkgo biloba is an herb widely used in Europe for treating dementia. It improves blood flow in the brain and contains flavonoids (plant substances) that act as antioxidants. Although many of the studies to date have been somewhat flawed, the idea that ginkgo may improve thinking, learning, and memory in those with AD has been promising. DO NOT use ginkgo if you take blood-thinning medications like warfarin (Coumadin) or a class of antidepressants called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). 

If you are considering any drugs or supplements, you MUST talk to your doctor first. Remember that herbs and supplements available over the counter are NOT regulated by the FDA.